Table of Contents

This page provides information about the Stochastic Flakes node in V-Ray for Cinema 4D.


The Stochastic Flakes node material can be used to simulate car paints, snow and other glittery materials. It works by simulating at render time the aggregated effect of a large number of mirror-like flakes scattered over the surface of an object. The material is somewhat similar to Car Paint 2 Node, but uses less memory. The term stochastic means "using a random variable". The most common implementation is as a Coat Material for the Blend Node, as shown in the image.

For examples of how this node material is used and how its properties affect its look, see the Stochastic Flakes classic material page.

Basic Parameters

Enable Flakes – When enabled, the node simulates flakes scattered on the surface of the object. If disabled, the node renders the specified BRDF type with the specified glossiness.

Number of Flakes – The number of flakes, expressed as the square root of the actual number of flakes in the unit texture square. For example, a value of 3000 generates 9,000,000 flakes in the unit texture square. The number of flakes is restricted to 231 (a little over 2 billion), which means the highest useful value for Number of Flakes is 46340. If you need more than 2 billion flakes, increase the Flake Scale parameter.

Hilight Glossiness – Controls the distribution of the flakes. Values close to 1.0 orient all flakes with normals pointing more perpendicular to the surface, whereas lower values randomize the normals of the flakes.

Blur Angle – Controls the "softening" of the flakes effect. Higher values produce softer results, while smaller values make the flakes sharper. Usually, values between 0.5 and 8 are used.

Subdivs – Determines the number of samples around each flake.

Reflect Filter – Specifies the reflection color of the flakes.

Texture – Specifies a texture file to be used for the reflection filter.

Mix Strength – Specifies a blend amount for the texture map.

Mapping Type – Specifies the way the flakes are scattered on the surface:

Mapping Channel – The flakes are mapped according to the specified mapping channel. The density of the flakes on the surface depends on the way the UVs follow the surface. 
– The material uses triplanar mapping to create the flakes. This mode is useful for objects that don't have suitable UV mapping.

Map Channel – Specifies which map channel to use when Mapping Type is set to Mapping channel.

Flake Scale – Controls the scale of the texture space. When Mapping Type is set to Mapping channel, a value of 1.0 is recommended. For Triplanar mapping, the Number of Flakes amount is distributed in each square unit in local object coordinates. In this case it is necessary to lower the Flake Scale value to 0.05, 0.01, or even less, and increase the Number of Flakes value depending on the object size, especially if square artifacts are observed.

BRDF Type – Specifies the BRDF used to guide the distribution of the flakes:

GGX – Uses GGX distribution for the flakes (the GGX distribution has a longer "tail" compared to Beckmann).
Beckmann – Uses a Beckmann distribution for the flakes. 

Seed – The seed for the randomization of flakes. Changing this value produces different flake patterns.

Colored Flakes Parameters

The Colored Flakes parameters control the color, random hue and lightness of the flakes. The correct physical behavior is that the material appears darker, since the colored flakes/mirrors reflect only certain parts of the spectrum. When viewed from a distance, the aggregate color of the material converges to the average color of the flakes.

Colored Flakes – Dropdown to enable Colored Flakes.

Off – No variance to the specified color of the flakes is applied.
Random Hue – Enables randomized hue for the flakes.
Random from Map – Enables the use of a texture map for randomized colors.

Saturation – Determines the saturation variation of the colors for all flakes.

Lightness – Controls the lightness variation of the colors for all flakes.

Random Color Map – Available when Colored Flakes is set to Random from Map. Specifies a texture from which random colors are sampled and applied to the flake color.

Only the bottom-most horizontal row of pixels from the texture are sampled; all other parts are ignored.

White Average – When enabled, renders colored flakes without the darkening effect. Note that this is not physically correct.

Tex Subdivs  Specifies the subdivision of a unit square in texture space. Increase the value only if you observe square-like artifacts in zoomed regions.

Advanced Parameters

Blend Min – Specifies the number of flakes per pixel, below which the flakes are computed. When the number of flakes per pixel is above this value, the material gradually transitions into a smooth (non-discrete) BRDF.

Blend Max – Specifies the number of flakes per pixel, above which the material only computes a smooth (non-discrete) BRDF. If the number of flakes per pixel is below this value, the material gradually transitions into discrete flakes.


Material Id Enabled – Enables the use of Material ID.

Material ID – The color used by the Material ID render element. You can also attach a shader here.

Multimatte ID – The integer ID of the material to be used by the Multi Matte render element.

Round Edges Enabled –  Enables the Round Edges effect, which uses bump mapping to smooth out the edges of the geometry during render time.

Radius – Specify a radius (in world units) for the Round Edges effect. Since the actual geometry is not being changed and only the normals of the faces are affected, large values may produce undesirable effects.

Consider Same Object Only – When enabled, the rounded corners are produced only along edges that belong to the object, which has the attribute applied. When disabled, rounded corners are also produced along edges formed when the object with the attribute intersects other objects in the scene. 

Corners – Choose which edges are considered in the calculation. Possible options are:

Convex and Concave – Considers all edges. 
Convex Only 
– Only applies Round Edges effect to edges with convex angles. 
Concave Only – 
Only applies Round Edges effect to edges with concave angles. 

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